Lichen (Cetraria islandica or Iceland moss) locks in moisture. Think of substances such as polysaccharides, and in particular - lichenan and isolichenan. These ingredients are thought to (re)hydrate the skin's surface by forming a moisturising physical film over the skin.
Moss (Sphagnum) retains water. This water-loving moss is an unrivalled champion in water storage. It is famous for its unique moisture holding capacity as it absorbs approximately 20 times its weight in water. Moss has connotations of humidity, moisture and freshness.
Fern (Polypodium vulgare)provides complementary support. Substances such as saponins synergistically support the lichens’ action in providing a moisturising film on the skin. Substances such as polypodines provide adaptogenic and anabolic effects and are thought to make the skin more resistant to stress and ageing by increasing its metabolism. In particular, polypodines are known to increase protein synthesis which we believe lead to increased NMF levels, and in turn, they can increase the skin’s moisture holding and retaining capacity.
Phospholipids are excellent skin-restoring actives naturally derived from Lecithin to help maximize hydration for all skin types and specially for mature, dry, and overworked skin. It is known to be the most powerful humectants, Phospholipids are naturally occurring in skin as a way protecting the dermal layer from external stressors including wind, sun and chemicals by locking in moisture. Recent studies have shown that topically applied phospholipids, derived from soy lecithin, are very effective in mimicking and enhancing the skin’s ability to retain moisture and protect it from external factors.
Amino Acids - proline, glycine, leucine and lysine - are the core building blocks for collagen synthesis. Together, they reduce the depth of fine lines and wrinkles while improving moisture retention to soften and smooth your skin.
Black Oats has a natural water reservoirs such as polysaccharides, proteins, vitamins and amino acids to supports the skin’s own natural moisturising factor (NMF) in storing water in the epidermis.
Levan was originally developed as a food additive and stimulates the intestinal flora to increase well-being. Levan also has exceptional cosmetic properties as it provides moisture comparable to that of hyaluronic acid. Its unique combination of molecular weights promotes permeation of active component into the epidermis, soothes skin irritation and creates a firming and moisturizing film. Levan improves skin hydration, enhances cell proliferation and provides a higher amount of collagen synthesis in human dermal fibroblast cells compared to hyaluronic acid.
JD Jojoba Oil has a unique structure, which is based on straight chain esters and Omega 9. It mimics 25% of the human sebum and therefore, once applied on irritated skin, has soothing and repairing effects which deeply moisturize the skin. This makes JD Jojoba Oil an especially beneficial component in after-sun formulations, as well as in anti-rosacea skin care applications.
Safflower Oil Concentrate has a particularly high percentage of unsaponifiable lipids, which is a valuable source of bioactive components such as phytosterols, tocopherols and other vitamins. It play an important role in maintaining the epidermal barrier and in minimising TEWL.
Sunflower Oil is rich in unsaturated fatty acids. Linoleic acid (50 % – 75 %) and oleic acid (~ 25 %) are the main component of the fatty acids present. it has exceptionally high content of phytosterols, tocopherols, essential fatty acids, and antioxidants in particular, play an important role in maintaining the epidermal barrier and in minimising the TEWL.
Nigella Sativa Oil contains over 100 vitamins and minerals, which include vitamins A,B, and C to help restore moisture and rebuild skin structural integrity. Black seed oil contains thymoquinone, carvacrol, t-anethole, and 4-terpineol. These compounds are powerful antioxidants to reduce the formation of a wide range of ROS and oxidative damage that can lead to premature sign of ageing.
Prickly Pear Oil, also known as barbary fig seed oil, is extremely rich in essential fatty acids including omega 6 and 9, antioxidants, polyphenols, amino acids and vitamin K. Exceptional at reducing inflammation and stimulated collagen production.
Argan Oilis rich in fatty acids and Vitamin E , which help to moisturize and lock hydration into the skin. It contains high levels of antioxidants, which aid in neutralizing free radicals and preventing ongoing oxidative damage.
Capric Triglyceride is derived from coconut oil and glycerin, and is an excellent emollient that is widely included in cosmetics due to its saturated fats (triglycerides), lauric acid, Vitamin E, antioxidants and proteins.
Hydroxytyrosol is one of the most powerful antioxidants in the world, often considered superior to other popular and widely used antioxidants such as Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Co Enzyme Q10, Dragon Blood and Astaxanthin. It plays an important role in delaying the aging process by blocking and preventing the appearance of external signs such as loss of hydration, sagging and lack of elasticity or dullness. It contains lipophilic and hydrophilic properties. A proven hero antioxidant that builds radiance, tone and clarity in the skin.
Hydroxymatairesinol (HMR) is a lignan found in Norwegian spruce trees. A source of powerful antioxidant protection, it protects the skin against increasing redness, sensitivity and inflammation. HMR helps to prevent trans epidermal water loss by acting as an effective delivery system for hydration and reinforce the skin barrier.
Superoxide Dismutase is an antioxidant naturally found in the body that helps protect cells from the damaging reactions of superoxide. It has the fastest turnover rate of any known enzyme and can reduce signs of aging such as wrinkles and sunspots. ⠀
Glutathione is a master antioxidant naturally found in human cells that neutralizes free radicals, boosts the immune system and evens skin tone.
L-Glutamine acts as metabolic fuel and reactivates the decelerated metabolism of aging skin cells. The ingredient shows a five-fold efficacy against the appearance of mature skin. Hydration, firmness, brightness, wrinkle depth, elasticity and skin smoothness are also markedly improved.
Quercetin is a Flavonoid and provides powerful antioxidant protection. It is skin-repairing, anti-inflammatory and offers an effective restorative effect. It also helps to reduce redness, ongoing water loss and the uncomfortable sensation of itching.
Norwegian Spruce is a powerful antioxidant that is rich in lignans and polyphenolic compounds, which fight against a multitude of different ROS and free radicals. Norwegian Spruce as an antioxidant is 24 times stronger than Flaxseed.
Jujube contains 100 times more Vitamin C than citrus fruits, making it a powerful antioxidant for skin health. Rich in Calcium and Vitamins A, B1 and B2, Jujube Extract strengthens the skin’s antioxidative protection system and protects it against the formation of oxidised proteins.
Rutin is a Flavonoid that is 2.4 times more powerful than Vitamin E - providing effective protection for cells against oxidative stress and ROS.
Gynostemma Pentaphyllm activates LXR and stimulates the synthesis of epidermal lipids, helping restore the skin barrier from within. It provides impressive antioxidant protection for cells against oxidative stress and ROS.
Cistus Incanus strengthens the reduced antioxidative defense system found in mature skin, ensuring that reactive oxygen species are neutralized. It prevents further damage to the skin barrier and provides superior antioxidant protection.
Catechins are a type of phenolic compound very abundant in cocoa, Norwegian Spruce and various berries. They are ascribed a potent antioxidant activity, especially to epigallocatechin-3-gallate. It is an anti-inflammatory wonder! Think green tea magic... but for the skin.
Lemon Balm is a powerful antioxidant which inhibits the development of free radicals and actively combats those which already exist in the skin. The skin is uniquely protected against harmful environmental influences and can (re)begin to support its own antioxidative defence system.
Daisy Flower is rich in antioxidants, along with malic and tartaric acids. These acids assist in skin firming and are effective in fighting wrinkles and sagging skin.
Rosemary Extract has a very high content of Carnosic Acid, making it the perfect ingredient to support the skin’s own defence mechanisms, especially in situations of increased radical stress and exposure to UV radiation.
Polypodium Leucotomos has strong antioxidant protection and is also anti-inflammatory. It can help address various skin issues such as sunburn, eczema, and psoriasis.
Bulbine Frutescens (Stalked Bulbine) has powerful antioxidant properties and contains the powerful anti-inflammatory activity and wound-healing capacity of traditional medicinal plants used in the treatment of skin conditions. It improves the look of cellulite over time by stimulating collagen production. This powerful active works to improve elasticity and skin resiliency.
Bentonite Clay is drawing, clarifying, soothing and renewing. An ancient remedy that restores and detoxifies skin. It also contains natural minerals such as calcium, magnesium, iron and potent antioxidants which may provide additional benefits.
Niacinamide supports your skin's protective barrier. It helps to reduce redness and hyperpigmentation and protects against free radical damage.
Manganese is an essential co-factor of superoxide dismutase, the most important enzyme with an antioxidative effect in the mitochondria. Manganese provides powerful antioxidants protection and is also involved in melanin synthesis. Whenever there is increased oxidative stress, there is a great need for manganese.
Zinc is a co-factor for more than 300 proteins and is involved in numerous metabolic processes. Zinc is also important for the antioxidative system as an essential component of superoxide dismutase.
Selenium is a trace element which is vital to life as it counteracts cellular oxidative stress. Selenium is an essential component of the antioxidative enzyme glutathione peroxidase.
Vitamin E has a powerful antioxidant that helps keep free radicals from damaging cells. It can also decrease inflammation, redness and itching, reveal a brighter and more even complexion, clear pores, and improve the appearance of scars, stretch marks, wrinkles and other signs of aging.
Ferulic Acid is a plant-based antioxidant primarily used with vitamins such as A, C and E to boost the effectiveness of their antioxidant properties while fighting free radicals and oxidative stress caused by ROS.
Vitamin C helps to create a firmer and more supple appearance in the skin by stimulating collagen production. Contains antioxidants to fight free radicals.
Tannic Acid is made up of a superior antioxidant that forms a protective barrier over the skin. It also has anti-bacterial, anti-enzymatic and astringent properties.
Malic Acid is a naturally derived Alpha Hydroxy Acid that gently exfoliates the skin. It aids in the removal of impurities and improves the appearance of the skin’s overall clarity while simultaneously soothing skin irritation. Malic Acid balances the skin's pH and helps to increase hydration - revealing a radiant, plumped complexion.
Tartaric Acid is a naturally derived Alpha Hydroxy Acid that can aid in exfoliation, improve overall clarity and strengthen the skin’s ability to turn over more regularly by loosening and sloughing away dead, dulling skin cells. Tartaric Acid has a superior antioxidant profile to protect and fight against ROS and free radical exposure.
Citric Acid is a naturally derived Alpha Hydroxy Acid that gently exfoliates and helps to build radiance in the skin. It has the ability to slow the physical aging process by increasing cell turnover, thus improving the visible signs of photo damage over time.
Azelaic Acid has antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties. It reduces inflammation so acne and redness can become less visible and the skin less irritated. It has the ability to encourage cell turnover, so your skin heals faster. Scarring is also minimized.
Fatty Acids are considered part of the essential foundation of healthy skin. They play a crucial role in collagen synthesis and contribute greatly to a healthy barrier function. They include glycerides, sterols and phospholipids. Essential Fatty Acids for the skin include omega-3 as well as omega-6, which our body cannot produce on its own.
Rosemarinic Acid is derived from Lemon Balm. It inhibits the development of new free radicals and combats those which already exist in the skin. Lemon Balm is an antioxidant derivative of Hydroxycinnamic Acid - which is antimicrobial, antiviral and anti-inflammatory.
Phenolic Acid is a polyphenol that offers protection against those enzymes that cause the breakdown of collagen and elastin in skin. It works to promote an even, radiant skin tone by reducing the look of pigmentation over time. It also helps to minimize inflammation and redness and is particularly helpful for sensitive skin.
Jasmonic Acid is a hormone produced when a plant is under stress. It helps in the healing process. A recent study has shown that a derivative of Jasmonic Acid was able to increase the production of Hyaluronic Acid in the skin, known to help visibly reduce wrinkles and fine lines and improve skin’s bounce and elasticity.
Ursolic Acid is a Pentacyclic Triterpenoid derived from Rosemary. It is known to have potent antioxidant, anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties and has also been associated with improving a wide range of biologic activities, such as age spots and hyperpigmentation. It has the ability to improve and restore the skin’s collagen bundle structures.
Gallic Acid prevents lipid peroxidation and ongoing DNA-damage. Gallic Acid is 6 times more effective and 60 times effective than Kojic Acid when it comes to building radiance in the skin, for that ultimate glow! It also provides powerful antioxidative protection to help regulate your skin microbiome.
Vitamin A is derived from Vigna Aconitifolia Seed Extract. It is a natural botanical alternative to Retinol, with a comparable mechanism of action and equivalent performance. It contains phenolic compounds like Caffeic Acid, Cinnamic acid, Ferulic Acid and Kaempferol – all of which protect the skin from harmful elements.
Vitamin C helps to create a firmer and more supple appearance in the skin through stimulating collagen production. It also evens the skin tone and reduces hyperpigmentation over time.
Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) is known as the anti-stress vitamin. It provides powerful antioxidant protection. It also builds radiance in the skin, soothing irritation.
Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) brightens the skin, boosts cellular turnover and strengthens the skin’s natural defenses.
Vitamin B3 (Niacinamide) supports your skin's protective barrier. This powerful vitamin helps to protect against free radical damage and improve the look of your complexion over time by refining rough skin texture and reducing fine lines and wrinkles.
Vitamin B5 (Pantothenic) works as a humectant, attracting and retaining water to improve the skin’s elasticity - rebuilding skin structural integrity.
Vitamin B6 is known as Pyridoxine. It helps to regulate imbalanced skin, reducing breakouts and inflammation. It fades blemishes and scars, as well as sun damage and dark spots.
Vitamin B7 is known as Biotin. It plays an important role in regulating every day physiological functions such as the body’s ability to metabolize fats and carbohydrates. It is essential for maintaining skin moisture levels.
Vitamin B9 is known as Folic Acid. It provides powerful antioxidants that work to reduce levels of oxidative stress in the skin. It also neutralizes harmful free radicals that are present in the environment. It increases hydration by bolstering skin-barrier function. This can improve moisture-retention and alleviate skin dryness.
Vitamin B12 is known as the radiance booster of dull skin. It helps to diminish the look of dark spots and uneven skin tone.
Vitamin D provides powerful antioxidant effects to help neutralize free radicals and other environmental stressors.
Vitamin D3 has been proven to improve skin’s resilience, strengthening its moisture barrier and evening out tone and texture.
Vitamin E - also known as Tocopherol - is a powerful antioxidant that helps to keep free radicals from damaging your cells. It can decrease inflammation and redness, all while creating a more radiant, more even complexion.
Vitamin K plays a vital role in the body’s blood clotting process. It helps prevent dark circles and reduces the look of dark spots, scars and bruises.
Vitamin F (Alpha Linolenic and Linoleic Acid) are essential fatty acids (EFAs). These healthy fats hydrate the skin while also providing anti-inflammatory benefits and replenishing and restoring the skin's barrier.
Vitamin P (Rutin & Flavonoids) protects skin cells from oxidative stress and synergistically strengthens the antioxidative activity of Rosmarinic Acid.
Vitamin K1 helps provides superior antioxidant protection. It stimulates collagen production and supports the skin's natural barrier function.